Gist

For the first time since 1960, an American president is elected without having won the Ohio

Largely won by Donald Trump as in 2016, Ohio had become a pivotal state without which it seemed impossible to win the battle.By winning the presidency of the United States, Joe Biden put an end to an electoral phenomenon deeply rooted in American political life.

He is the first candidate since 1960 to have obtained victory over his opponent without winning in Ohio, one of the main pivotal states of the country as part of its indirect suffrage. It had been 14 presidential elections in a row that the road to the White House had been through obtaining Ohio’s grand voters, who numbered 18 today. The former vice-president of Barack Obama has therefore put an end to this series.However, from November 4, the day after the 2020 election, Joe Biden’s defeat to Donald Trump in this Midwestern state seemed to be a bad omen for the future concerning the Democratic candidate. It was all the more so since the outgoing president largely won Ohio which, with 92% of ballots counted according to the latest CNN figures, won 53.3% of the vote against 45.2% for Joe Biden .

The previous JFKIn doing so, and if these scores remain almost unchanged at the end of the count, Donald Trump will have widened the same gap as 4 years ago against Hillary Clinton in this state of more than 11 million inhabitants.This did not prevent his Democratic opponent, this time around, from defeating him thanks to the decisive support of the big voters of other key states like Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin, won by the Republican billionaire in 2016. .

The last to have managed to enter the White House without Ohio is John F. Kennedy, winner of the presidential election of 1960 against Richard Nixon. The latter – who would eventually conquer the presidency 8 years later – had won in Ohio with more than 6 points of difference. Since then, no other state has attracted the attention of political observers so much, even Florida, despite the legal entanglement of the 2000 presidential election. The Sunshine State’s political color has only coincided 6 times in a row. of the president-elect. Former industrial state This importance of Ohio is explained both by its demography – more than three-quarters of the population is white, a much larger proportion than in the rest of the country – and its socio-economic situation. A former industrial state whose middle class has been pauperized by factory closures, it is the ideal ground for Donald Trump’s protectionist and anti-globalization discourse.Despite the relocations that have taken place since his election and the spike in the unemployment rate during the Covid-19 crisis, voters in Ohio have remained loyal to the Republican president. In March 2018, during a speech in the town of Richfield, Donald Trump himself said:

“YOU CAN’T WIN IF YOU DON’T WIN OHIO.”

This warning to his or her future opponent did not finally materialize.Jules Pecnard BFMTV reporter

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